How to write an Abstract

How to write abstract in essays and reportsAbstract writing is very important because it broad lines the research and the purpose of topic selection or the subject of your paper along with locating the topic. It emphasizes the central idea of the problem and sketching two or three points of your arguments. Writer must increase the interest of their audience to persuade them by devising a title that is very descriptive and catchy. The words selection in abstract should also be very easy to understand for everyone and avoid use of any technical terminologies or complexities. Abstract should not be more than 250 words in best planned, structured and simplified words.

Guidelines in Writing Abstract

In writing abstract, layout and style of your abstract writing is much more important that catches the attention of your audience. In the layout of abstract, title should be prominent, usually there are formatting guidelines, follow the guidelines through your essay or report. The information about author should be given in two lines by showing the name, department name and the institution in which the student is studying. Once the introductory lines are defined, you should write briefly about the purpose of this research and introduce the topic afterwards. In the styling of abstract, you must place all titles separately, avoid abbreviation as much as possible, use em-dash and in abstract footnotes/endnotes should not be presented in abstract writing (Barbara H. Milech, 2004).

Writing and Shaping the Abstract Ideally

Abstract should be started with title writing and in a simplified and catchy wording and will be best crafted according to your coursework. The title will depict the essences of the research, raising a question within the title will make it more effective and interest oriented. In abstract body, your message should be well précised and crafted according to the entire message which you want to spread. It’s not recommended to use heading in the abstract unless the report or research is very extensive in nature and has number of areas discussed. The content in the abstract should be logically organized and it must be systematic according to your topic presented. There are different stages in writing abstract, based on best planning of your balanced text. Couple of sentences will be enough to setup the scene and their theoretical background. You must construct the summary of the results and the conclusions must be based on the implication for practice. You must be very economical in the selection of words in writing abstracts (Cardiac Nursing, 2007, pp. 571-572).

Salient Features of an Abstract

When the abstract is written is should have clear identification with the topic, purpose and background of research, methods of information used along with subsections, results, conclusions and the recommendation. In some instances you’ll be required to write the name of the author, date of thesis, where it should be submitted and rationale behind the research. You must use well organized paragraphs with unified, concise and coherent writing. It must be based on introduction, body, conclusion which should clearly present the purpose, results and conclusion. The abstract should follow the chronology of the thesis by providing logical connection between the information collected and summarized (Greg Bond, 2009, pp. 2).


  1. Barbara H. Milech. 2004. ‘Guidelines for Writing Effective Abstracts for Conference Paper Presentations’, Palimpsests Transforming Communities.
  2. John Alharran. 2007. ‘Planning, Developing and Writing an Effective Conference Abstract’, British Journal of Cardiac Nursing, Vol. 2 No. 11.
  3. Greg Bond. 2009. ‘Writing Abstracts for Bachelor’s and Master’s Thesis’, Kaija Tuomainen, and North Karelia University, Finland.