Relationship between Health practices, Care & Outcomes for Older Adults

In the USA, the growing ageing of a vast population creates major challenges to healthcare systems in view of the fact that the number of weak older people suffering from various chronic health illnesses rises (Christensen et al, 2009). The failure to identify health ailments amongst ageing population might create needless requirements and might endanger their capability to work independently. As such, the strategies consisting of early detection of ageing population endangered with poor health history should check the beginning of functional deterioration and to sustain the independent living of those affected people (Hébert, 1997).

It is however, equally significant for the ageing population to be aware of their own health history and requirements, as that would be helpful to for keeping independent lifestyles. It appears that the ageing people have a tendency to ignore some health troubles or ailments of their health history as expected features of ageing, they do not take into account regarding the incidents of specific health events [24], or they may disregard to recognize the importance of symptoms or ailments of past health history (Bender, 1992). Thus there is a need for various assessments might generate recognition as well as importance of these needs or health troubles. When the health problems and ailments are recognized, healthcare facilities should be modified to better suit the ageing populations’ requirements and wants and for their dynamic participation in decision-making regarding their health issues.

The differences in health outcomes related to gender & ethnicity

All over the late twentieth century, the US population got older and more ethnically diversified, and in the early twenty-first the household income disparity also increased. Though the cumulative impacts of variations in the age group, racial & ethnic diversities, and income disparity on healthcare disparities are hard to evaluate, the country is expected to continue facing considerable racial and ethnic as well as socioeconomic healthcare differences amongst various communities. Given the fact the older people are more probable than others to be impacted harmfully by economic downturn, the recent recession in the world economy might deteriorate healthcare disparities all over the USA if the treatment and usefulness of targeted programs do not match the requirements of the older people.

In fact, the older age factor generally worsens other pre-existing disparities founded on race, ethnicity as well as the gender. The various disparities faced in earlier life to access the education, jobs and healthcare, have a significant impact on position and welfare for old people. For older people who are at the same time poor, the outcomes of these earlier experiences are deteriorated as a result of their exclusion from healthcare services, income-generating activities and their role in decision-making.

Causes of healthcare disparities amongst older people

There are various disadvantages in healthcare amongst groups in USA. The research studies on health disparities amongst older population has been documented and analyzed amongst African American and Caucasian in major causes of mortality. The health disparities seemed to be high at the age group of 51 and 63 (Hayward et al., 2000). In spite of the more than three decades trend towards convergence, the age-related detailed rate from all causes of deaths for African- Americans continued to be around 1.3 times bigger than that of Caucasian population. This disparity generates a life expectancy variance between African- Americans and Caucasians of nearly 5.3 years for men and about 4.4 years for women (Hoyert et al., 2006). Furthermore, it is also common that African-Americans are less expected to survive till the middle age, and if they achieve, they are more probable to acquire many healthcare problems (Hayward et al., 2000).


Health disparities amongst old people are a leading public healthcare issue and there exists a key stress of research studies in many disciplines. The socioeconomic and behavioural researches have constantly proved that there are many correlated disparities all over ethnic groups at the socioeconomic, cultural, and environmental levels.