Work interface with family


Introduction

As much as people value work in their life, the contemporary issue of work interference with the family has raised concern over the sort of society we live in. This is because some cultures value and acknowledge work while other perceives it from a different perceptive. Individualistic countries perceive work as a means of prosperity, and hence people concentrating in their areas of occupation. Collectivists, however, view work from a joint perspective work as forms of social networks that are meant to benefit the groups rather than individuals.

A comparison of the two sets of phenomenon suggests something about the society in regards to the jobs done. For those individualistic societies, issues to do with work-load, time spent on the work and attitude towards the work affects the family set-up. This is a case where individualistic societies are thought to be subjects to work-family conflicts because they value their work for life (Vallone & Donaldson, 2001). In collectivists societies, commitment to work is more of a sacrifice that a source of living. This would less interfere with the family because the other members provide maximum support to the working individual. By so doing, cases of work-family conflict are thought to be rare in such societies.

Purpose statement

The purpose of this qualitative research is to study the impact of work interference to family from the two types of societies (collectivist and individualistic). This would undertake a comparative approach, where the working parties from Anglo (individualistic) would be compared with those from Asia, Latin America and Europe (collectivistic). Of the two groups, the researcher would be focused on the strain- based and time-based work-family conflict. The highly affected population would express pressure from their jobs which translate to poor attitudes towards the job or family Brucket al., 2002).The major concern in the current study is founded on the job managers whose responsibly and work demands are too much as well as long working hours.

Research questions

  • What are individualistic societies; what are collectivist societies?
  • How do these societies differ in attitude towards work?
  • Which societies are most likely prone to work-family conflict?
  • How do time, attitude and straining in the work affect the families of workers?
  • What is the relationship between the job demands and the work interference with family?
  • How well can the varied societies counter the impacts of job related interference with individual families?

Hypothesis

From the above literature concerns, there is a lot to be learned in the course of tis research. This would be investigated in three hypotheses: the first hypothesis suggests a positive relationship of demands of work (work load and working hours) and the work interference with families (strain- and time- based) for individualistic societies than for collectivist societies. The second hypothesis suggests that friends or family support moderates the effects of the relationship between work demands and work interference within families. Lastly, the study suggests that the individualistic societies could moderate the poor relationship caused by work interference with families and the good relationship caused by turnover intentions compared to collectivist societies.

Research plan setting

This research focuses on managers within twenty countries in Asia (collectivist) society and Anglo country (individualistic society).  Participants could be as many as possible, with a minimum number of 200 participants. This would be recruited from the local companies within the specified countries using business school alumni or management associations. These are wide ranges from where numerous managers interested in the participation could be recruited from. Use of e-mails as well as blogs would be helpful in tapping all interested managers for the participation. With the help of a questionnaire, written in English and interpreted where necessary, participating managers would provide crucial information regarding work demands and its relationship with Work interference with the family (Beehr & Glazer, 2005).

Research partners would assist in collecting data from the managers, filing in the questionnaire and analyzing the data as per the instructions given. Using the data collected from the participants, a configuration of work demands, job attitudes and work interference with the family would be made as well as the relationship of the three. The influence of the society (collectivist or individualistic) on the work-family item would draw some important insights about the work-family interference and conflicts on job demands, attitudes and families Grant-(Vallone & Donaldson, 2001).


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